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Proceedings Paper

The cold focal plane chopper of HERSCHEL's PACS instrument
Author(s): Oliver Krause; Dietrich Lemke; Ralph Hofferbert; Armin Böhm; Ulrich Klaas; Josef Katzer; Frank Höller; Manfred Salvasohn
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Paper Abstract

HERSCHEL's 3.5 m primary mirror will be passively cooled to T ~ 80 K in the L2 orbit. In order to reduce the effects of the remaining high thermal background on the sensitive far infrared detectors (60..210 μm), a focal plane chopper is a vital element in the entrance optics of the imaging and spectroscopic instrument PACS. A gold coated 32 × 26 mm2 plane mirror, suspended by two flexural pivots and driven by a linear motor, allows for precise square wave chopping with up to 9° throw at a frequency 10 Hz with a position accuracy of 1 arcmin. The power required at T ~ 4 K is about 1 mW. The chopper has undergone an extensive qualification programme, including 650 million cold chop throws, 15 cold-warm-cold thermal cycles, 3-axis 26 G-vibration at T ~ 4 K etc. Five models were built and thoroughly tested; the flight model of the chopper is now integrated into the flight model of PACS, ready for the HERSCHEL/PLANCK launch in 2008 by an ARIANE5 rocket and the following 5-year mission.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 July 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6273, Optomechanical Technologies for Astronomy, 627325 (6 July 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.671271
Show Author Affiliations
Oliver Krause, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Dietrich Lemke, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Ralph Hofferbert, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Armin Böhm, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Ulrich Klaas, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Josef Katzer, Carl Zeiss AG (Germany)
Frank Höller, Carl Zeiss AG (Germany)
Manfred Salvasohn, Carl Zeiss AG (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6273:
Optomechanical Technologies for Astronomy
Eli Atad-Ettedgui; Joseph Antebi; Dietrich Lemke, Editor(s)

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