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Proceedings Paper

Coupling light into optical fibres near the diffraction limit
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Paper Abstract

The burgeoning field of astrophotonics explores the interface between astronomy and photonics. Important applications include photonic OH suppression at near-infrared wavelengths, and integrated photonic spectroscopy. These new photonic mechanisms are not well matched to conventional multi-mode fibre bundles, and are best fed with single or few-mode fibres. We envisage the largest gains in astrophotonics will come from instruments that operate with single or few mode fibres in the diffraction limited or near diffraction limited regime. While astronomical instruments have largely solved the problem of coupling light into multi-mode fibres, this is largely unexplored territory for few-mode and single-mode fibres. Here we describe a project to explore this topic in detail, and present initial results on coupling light into single and few-mode fibres at the diffraction limit. We find that fibres with as few as ~ 5 guided modes have qualitatively different behaviour to single-mode fibres and share a number of the beneficial characteristics of multi-mode fibres.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 June 2006
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6269, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy, 62691K (29 June 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.670943
Show Author Affiliations
Anthony J. Horton, Anglo-Australian Observatory (Australia)
Joss Bland-Hawthorn, Anglo-Australian Observatory (Australia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6269:
Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy
Ian S. McLean; Masanori Iye, Editor(s)

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