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Proceedings Paper

MWIR focal plane arrays made with HgCdTe grown by MBE on germanium substrates
Author(s): Philippe Tribolet; Sophie Blondel; Patricia Costa; Agnès Combette; Laurent Vial; Philippe Ballet; Jean Paul Zanatta; Olivier Gravrand; Christophe Largeron; Jean Paul Chamonal; Alain Million
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Paper Abstract

The possibility to grow HgCdTe by Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) on large alternative substrates opens the way of increasing the size and reducing the cost of infrared FPAs operating in the Medium Wave InfraRed (MWIR) bands. Germanium was chosen several years ago at Leti because its 'in situ' and 'ex situ' surface preparations are much easier to control compared to the more conventionally used silicon alternative substrate. Moreover extremely high quality germanium "epiready" substrates are commercially available at a reasonable cost for wafer sizes up to 8 inches. MWIR HgCdTe wafers grown today by Defir (LETI/Sofradir joint laboratory) on germanium (up to 4 inches diameter) using MBE, exhibit electrical and physical properties that enables the fabrication of FPAs with various sizes (320×256, 640×512, 1280×1024) and pitches (from 30μm to 15μm) with electro-optical performances similar to the standard process based on the more conventional epilayers of HgCdTe grown on CdZnTe by Liquid Phase Epitaxy (LPE). Due to the low microscopic and macroscopic defect density that can be obtained on such wafers, operabilities above 99.9% are reached today. A status of this MBE growth technology is presented as well as the FPAs performances, including conventional industrial products manufactured such as 320×256 (pitch 30μm), 640×512 (pitch 15μm) and the largest 1280×1024 (pitch of 15μm) more recently available.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 May 2006
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6206, Infrared Technology and Applications XXXII, 62062F (18 May 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.669120
Show Author Affiliations
Philippe Tribolet, SOFRADIR (France)
Sophie Blondel, SOFRADIR (France)
Patricia Costa, SOFRADIR (France)
Agnès Combette, SOFRADIR (France)
Laurent Vial, SOFRADIR (France)
Philippe Ballet, LETI/CEA.G-DOPT (France)
Jean Paul Zanatta, LETI/CEA.G-DOPT (France)
Olivier Gravrand, LETI/CEA.G-DOPT (France)
Christophe Largeron, LETI/CEA.G-DOPT (France)
Jean Paul Chamonal, LETI/CEA.G-DOPT (France)
Alain Million, LETI/CEA.G-DOPT (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6206:
Infrared Technology and Applications XXXII
Bjørn F. Andresen; Gabor F. Fulop; Paul R. Norton, Editor(s)

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