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Proceedings Paper

The effects of uncertainty and uncertainty modeling on information-based sensor management performance
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Paper Abstract

A proliferation of the number and variety of sensors for the landmine detection problem has created the need for a sensor manager that is able to intelligently task and coordinate the operation of a suite of landmine sensors. Previous work has developed a framework for sensor management that takes into account the context of the landmine detection problem. The sensor manager searches for N targets in a grid using M multimodal sensors by seeking to maximize the expected information gain. The probabilities of detection and false alarm of the sensors are assumed to be known and are used in the sensor manager calculations. However, in a real-world landmine detection setting, the performance characteristics of the sensors will in fact be unknown. Uneven and irregular ground, vegetation, unanticipated clutter objects, even bad weather - all these can affect the performance of a landmine sensor. This paper examines the effects of uncertainty in the probabilities of detection and false alarm on the performance of the previously presented sensor manager and further examines the performance effects of properly and improperly modeling this uncertainty. Performance is, naturally, found to be adversely affected by uncertainty. However, it is demonstrated that properly modeling the uncertainty present in the problem helps to recover some of the performance that is lost through the introduction of uncertainty.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 May 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6217, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets XI, 62172U (18 May 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.665595
Show Author Affiliations
Mark P. Kolba, Duke Univ. (United States)
Leslie M. Collins, Duke Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6217:
Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets XI
J. Thomas Broach; Russell S. Harmon; John H. Holloway Jr., Editor(s)

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