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Proceedings Paper

Non-equilibrium transformations of solids induced by femtosecond laser: coherent displacement of atoms
Author(s): E. G. Gamaly; O. P. Uteza; A. V. Rode; M. Samoc; B. Luther-Davies
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Paper Abstract

The non-equilibrium transformations induced by sub-picosecond lasers on space scale of nanometers and time scale of less than picosecond are considered in this presentation. We demonstrate that the fast (during the pulse time) change in the inter-atomic potential due to the electrons excitation is responsible for the swift coherent atomic displacement. We calculate the coherent displacement of atoms in non-equilibrium and compare it to that following from the familiar Lindemann approach to the melting in thermodynamic equilibrium. We compare our analysis with the experiments on non-equilibrium phase transformation of Gallium by 150 fs pulses at intensity well below the ablation threshold. The presented analysis and direct measurements indicate that the melting in its conventional sense either is not completed, or that, most probably, some transient state of matter has been created during the interaction even when the deposited energy exceeds three times the equilibrium enthalpy of melting. In conclusion we address some unresolved problems in understanding of ultra-fast phase transformations induced by ultra-short laser pulses in non-equilibrium conditions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 June 2006
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6261, High-Power Laser Ablation VI, 62610X (7 June 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.661063
Show Author Affiliations
E. G. Gamaly, The Australian National Univ. (Australia)
The Australian National Univ. (Australia)
O. P. Uteza, LP3 Lab., Aix-Marseille II Univ. (France)
A. V. Rode, The Australian National Univ. (Australia)
The Australian National Univ. (Australia)
M. Samoc, The Australian National Univ. (Australia)
B. Luther-Davies, The Australian National Univ. (Australia)
The Australian National Univ. (Australia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6261:
High-Power Laser Ablation VI
Claude R. Phipps, Editor(s)

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