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Proceedings Paper

Defect inspection for imprint lithography using a die to database electron beam verification system
Author(s): L. Jeff Myron; Ecron Thompson; Ian McMackin; Douglas J. Resnick; Tadashi Kitamura; Toshiaki Hasebe; Shinichi Nakazawa; Toshifumi Tokumoto; Eric Ainley; Kevin Nordquist; William J. Dauksher
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Paper Abstract

Imprint lithography has been included on the ITRS Lithography Roadmap at the 32 and 22 nm nodes. Step and Flash Imprint Lithography (S-FILTM) is a unique method for printing sub-100nm geometries. Relative to other imprinting processes S-FIL has the advantage that the template is transparent, thereby facilitating conventional overlay techniques. Further, S-FIL provides sub-100nm feature resolution without the significant expense of multielement, high quality projection optics or advanced illumination sources. However, since the technology is 1X, it is critical to address the infrastructure associated with the fabrication of templates. With respect to inspection, although defects as small as 70nm have been detected using optical techniques, it is clear that it will be necessary to take advantage of the resolution capabilities of electron beam inspection techniques. This paper reports the first systematic study of die-to-database electron beam inspection of patterns that were imprinted using an Imprio 250 system. The die-to-database inspection of the wafers was performed on an NGR2100 inspection system. Ultimately, the most desirable solution is to directly inspect the fused silica template. This paper also reports the results on the first initial experiments of direct inspection fused silica substrates at data rates of 200 MHz. Three different experiments were performed. In the first study, large (350-400nm) Metal 1 and contact features were imprinted and inspected as described above. Using a 12 nm pixel address grid, 24 nm defects were readily detected. The second experiment examined imprinted Metal 1 and Logic patterns with dimensions as small as 70nm. Using a pixel address of 3nm, and a defect threshold of 20 nm, a systematic study of the patterned arrays identified problem areas in the design of the pattern layout. Finally, initial inspection of 200mm fused silica patterned substrates has established proof of concept for direct inspection of imprint templates.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 March 2006
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6151, Emerging Lithographic Technologies X, 61510M (23 March 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.659457
Show Author Affiliations
L. Jeff Myron, Molecular Imprints, Inc. (United States)
Ecron Thompson, Molecular Imprints, Inc. (United States)
Ian McMackin, Molecular Imprints, Inc. (United States)
Douglas J. Resnick, Molecular Imprints, Inc. (United States)
Tadashi Kitamura, NanoGeometry Research, Inc. (Japan)
Toshiaki Hasebe, NanoGeometry Research, Inc. (Japan)
Shinichi Nakazawa, NanoGeometry Research, Inc. (Japan)
Toshifumi Tokumoto, NanoGeometry Research, Inc. (Japan)
Eric Ainley, Motorola Labs. (United States)
Kevin Nordquist, Motorola Labs. (United States)
William J. Dauksher, Motorola Labs. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6151:
Emerging Lithographic Technologies X
Michael J. Lercel, Editor(s)

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