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Proceedings Paper

Safety and security monitoring of dams using nano-micromachined-based surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensors
Author(s): Wayne Ross Jr.; Mohamed Saafi; Peter Romine; Zhigang Xiao; David Pett
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Paper Abstract

Concerns about the safety of concrete dams have increased during recent years, partly because the population at risk in locations downstream of major dams continues to expand and also because these old dams are experiencing long-term damage and the seismic design concepts used to build them were inadequate. Reliable techniques for continuous monitoring of certain key parameters affecting the dams' integrity are currently nonexistent and this is because of the lack of sensing technology capable to function in a hostile environment such as low temperatures and high moisture level. This paper presents new low cost, passive and wireless micro-machined SAW-based sensors to monitor the safety and security of dams. These SAW sensors are composed of MEMS transducers, Nano-polymer actuators and an antenna, and are deposited on a thin film substrate. The sensors are passive, do not require power on-board and can be interrogated wireless using a radar. When embedded into concrete dams, the devices will be able to detect and locate internal cracks and measure certain key parameters affecting the durability of dams such as temperature, moisture, pH, chloride and carbon dioxide.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 March 2006
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6167, Smart Structures and Materials 2006: Smart Sensor Monitoring Systems and Applications, 61670F (30 March 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.657664
Show Author Affiliations
Wayne Ross Jr., Morgan State Univ. (United States)
Mohamed Saafi, Alabama A&M Univ. (United States)
Peter Romine, Alabama A&M Univ. (United States)
Zhigang Xiao, Alabama A&M Univ. (United States)
David Pett, Alabama A&M Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6167:
Smart Structures and Materials 2006: Smart Sensor Monitoring Systems and Applications
Daniele Inaudi; Wolfgang Ecke; Brian Culshaw; Kara J. Peters; Eric Udd, Editor(s)

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