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Proceedings Paper

EUV lithography simulation for the 32nm node
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Paper Abstract

Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography (EUVL) is one of the patterning technologies proposed for the next generation lithography (NGL) which makes pattern less than 50 nm critical dimension (CD). And EUVL uses a very short exposure wavelength of 13.4 nm. So it has many characteristic in common with optical lithography, but EUVL are different from the conventional mask applied to the projection optical lithography. Specially, industry experts generally agree that the biggest challenges and risks for the next generation of lithography systems involve the mask. In EUVL, a mask is produced by applying multilayers of molybdenum and silicon to a flat substrate. The circuit pattern is produced by applying a final EUV-absorbing metal layer and then etching away the metal to form the image of the circuit. Also, the light shining with 6 degrees oblique to mask can not get target CD easily because the shadow effect is influenced on pattern. Therefore we must understand this kind of effect before doing real process. We tried to change the structure of the mask in order to decrease this effect and to have enough process latitude for the 32 nm node. EUV mask is affected by the thickness and kind of absorber and buffer material. First, we changed the absorber material such as Cr, TaN and Ge etc. without changing the buffer material. Second, we changed the thickness of the absorber materials. We tried to minimize the shadow effect by adjusting the side wall angle of the absorber layer parallel to the oblique incidence. Additionally we considered different shapes and depth of the etched multilayer binary mask and the refilled multilayer binary mask such as the inclined side wall of the etched multilayer. In this paper, we will describe the optimized EUV mask structure for 32 nm node by studying not only the aerial image, but also the resist profile. Solid-EUV simulator of Sigma-C is used to calculate the aerial image, resist pattern profile, and the process latitude with the optimized process parameters.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 March 2006
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6151, Emerging Lithographic Technologies X, 61510V (23 March 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.656335
Show Author Affiliations
Eun Jin Kim, Hanyang Univ. (South Korea)
Wook Chang, Hanyang Univ. (South Korea)
Jin Back Park, Hanyang Univ. (South Korea)
Sung Jin Kim, Hanyang Univ. (South Korea)
Jong Sun Kim, Hanyang Univ. (South Korea)
Hye-Keun Oh, Hanyang Univ. (South Korea)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6151:
Emerging Lithographic Technologies X
Michael J. Lercel, Editor(s)

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