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Proceedings Paper

Tropical forest plantation biomass estimation using RADARSAT-SAR and TM data of south china
Author(s): Chenli Wang; Zheng Niu; Xiaoping Gu; Zhixing Guo; Pifu Cong
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Paper Abstract

Forest biomass is one of the most important parameters for global carbon stock model yet can only be estimated with great uncertainties. Remote sensing, especially SAR data can offers the possibility of providing relatively accurate forest biomass estimations at a lower cost than inventory in study tropical forest. The goal of this research was to compare the sensitivity of forest biomass to Landsat TM and RADARSAT-SAR data and to assess the efficiency of NDVI, EVI and other vegetation indices in study forest biomass based on the field survey date and GIS in south china. Based on vegetation indices and factor analysis, multiple regression and neural networks were developed for biomass estimation for each species of the plantation. For each species, the better relationships between the biomass predicted and that measured from field survey was obtained with a neural network developed for the species. The relationship between predicted and measured biomass derived from vegetation indices differed between species. This study concludes that single band and many vegetation indices are weakly correlated with selected forest biomass. RADARSAT-SAR Backscatter coefficient has a relatively good logarithmic correlation with forest biomass, but neither TM spectral bands nor vegetation indices alone are sufficient to establish an efficient model for biomass estimation due to the saturation of bands and vegetation indices, multiple regression models that consist of spectral and environment variables improve biomass estimation performance. Comparing with TM, a relatively well estimation result can be achieved by RADARSAT-SAR, but all had limitations in tropical forest biomass estimation. The estimation results obtained are not accurate enough for forest management purposes at the forest stand level. However, the approximate volume estimates derived by the method can be useful in areas where no other forest information is available. Therefore, this paper provides a better understanding of relationships of remote sensing data and forest stand parameters used in forest parameter estimation models.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 November 2005
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6043, MIPPR 2005: SAR and Multispectral Image Processing, 60432Q (3 November 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.654974
Show Author Affiliations
Chenli Wang, Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, CAS (China)
Zheng Niu, Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, CAS (China)
Xiaoping Gu, Guizhou Institute of Mountainous Environment & Climate (China)
Zhixing Guo, Institute of Ecological Environment & Soil (China)
Pifu Cong, Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, CAS (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6043:
MIPPR 2005: SAR and Multispectral Image Processing
Liangpei Zhang; Jianqing Zhang; Mingsheng Liao, Editor(s)

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