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Proceedings Paper

A comparison of PCA/ICA for data preprocessing in remote sensing imagery classification
Author(s): Hui He; Xianchuan Yu
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Paper Abstract

In this paper a performance comparison of a variety of data preprocessing algorithms in remote sensing image classification is presented. These selected algorithms are principal component analysis (PCA) and three different independent component analyses, ICA (Fast-ICA (Aapo Hyvarinen, 1999), Kernel-ICA (KCCA and KGV (Bach & Jordan, 2002), EFFICA (Aiyou Chen & Peter Bickel, 2003). These algorithms were applied to a remote sensing imagery (1600×1197), obtained from Shunyi, Beijing. For classification, a MLC method is used for the raw and preprocessed data. The results show that classification with the preprocessed data have more confident results than that with raw data and among the preprocessing algorithms, ICA algorithms improve on PCA and EFFICA performs better than the others. The convergence of these ICA algorithms (for data points more than a million) are also studied, the result shows EFFICA converges much faster than the others. Furthermore, because EFFICA is a one-step maximum likelihood estimate (MLE) which reaches asymptotic Fisher efficiency (EFFICA), it computers quite small so that its demand of memory come down greatly, which settled the "out of memory" problem occurred in the other algorithms.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 November 2005
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 6044, MIPPR 2005: Image Analysis Techniques, 604408 (3 November 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.652298
Show Author Affiliations
Hui He, Beijing Normal Univ. (China)
Xianchuan Yu, Beijing Normal Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6044:
MIPPR 2005: Image Analysis Techniques
Deren Li; Hongchao Ma, Editor(s)

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