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Proceedings Paper

Detection of low-amplitude in vivo intrinsic signals from an optical imager of retinal function
Author(s): Eduardo S. Barriga; Dan T'so M.D.; Marios Pattichis; Young Kwon M.D.; Randy Kardon M.D.; Michael Abramoff M.D.; Peter Soliz
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Paper Abstract

In the early stages of some retinal diseases, such as glaucoma, loss of retinal activity may be difficult to detect with today's clinical instruments. Many of today's instruments focus on detecting changes in anatomical structures, such as the nerve fiber layer. Our device, which is based on a modified fundus camera, seeks to detect changes in optical signals that reflect functional changes in the retina. The functional imager uses a patterned stimulus at wavelength of 535nm. An intrinsic functional signal is collected at a near infrared wavelength. Measured changes in reflectance in response to the visual stimulus are on the order of 0.1% to 1% of the total reflected intensity level, which makes the functional signal difficult to detect by standard methods because it is masked by other physiological signals and by imaging system noise. In this paper, we analyze the video sequences from a set of 60 experiments with different patterned stimuli from cats. Using a set of statistical techniques known as Independent Component Analysis (ICA), we estimate the signals present in the videos. Through controlled simulation experiments, we quantify the limits of signal strength in order to detect the physiological signal of interest. The results of the analysis show that, in principle, signal levels of 0.1% (-30dB) can be detected. The study found that in 86% of the animal experiments the patterned stimuli effects on the retina can be detected and extracted. The analysis of the different responses extracted from the videos can give an insight of the functional processes present during the stimulation of the retina.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 March 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6138, Ophthalmic Technologies XVI, 61380F (7 March 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.652263
Show Author Affiliations
Eduardo S. Barriga, Univ. of New Mexico (United States)
Dan T'so M.D., SUNY/Upstate Univ. (United States)
Marios Pattichis, Univ. of New Mexico (United States)
Young Kwon M.D., Univ. of Iowa (United States)
Randy Kardon M.D., Univ. of Iowa (United States)
Michael Abramoff M.D., Univ. of Iowa (United States)
Peter Soliz, VisionQuest Biomedical (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6138:
Ophthalmic Technologies XVI
Fabrice Manns; Per G. Söderberg; Arthur Ho, Editor(s)

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