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Proceedings Paper

3D integration of sub-surface photonics with CMOS
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Paper Abstract

The integration of photonics and electronics on a single silicon substrate requires technologies that can add optical functionalities without significantly sacrificing valuable wafer area. To this end, we have developed an innovative fabrication process, called SIMOX 3-D Sculpting, that enables monolithic optoelectronic integration in a manner that does not compromise the economics of CMOS manufacturing. In this technique, photonic devices are realized in subsurface silicon layers that are separated from the surface silicon layer by an intervening SiO2 layer. The surface silicon layer may then be utilized for electronic circuitry. SIMOX 3-D sculpting involves (1) the implantation of oxygen ions into a patterned silicon substrate followed by (2) high temperature anneal to create buried waveguide-based photonic devices. This process has produced subterranean microresonators with unloaded quality factors of 8000 and extinction ratios >20dB. On the surface silicon layers, MOS transistor structures have been fabricated. The small cross-sectional area of the waveguides lends itself to the realization of nonlinear optical devices. We have previously demonstrated spectral broadening and continuum generation in silicon waveguides utilizing Kerr optical nonlinearity. This may be combined with microresonator filters for on-chip supercontiuum generation and spectral carving. The monolithic integration of CMOS circuits and optical modulators with such multi-wavelength sources represent an exciting avenue for silicon photonics.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 March 2006
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 6124, Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits VIII, 61240U (3 March 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.652242
Show Author Affiliations
Bahram Jalali, Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)
Tejaswi Indukuri, Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)
Prakash Koonath, Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6124:
Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits VIII
Louay A. Eldada; El-Hang Lee, Editor(s)

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