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Proceedings Paper

Noninvasive quantitative documentation of cutaneous inflammation in vivo using spectral imaging
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Paper Abstract

Skin inflammation is often accompanied by edema and erythema. While erythema is the result of capillary dilation and subsequent local increase of oxygenated hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) concentration, edema is characterized by an increase in extracellular fluid in the dermis leading to local tissue swelling. Edema and erythema are typically graded visually. In this work we tested the potential of spectral imaging as a non-invasive method for quantitative documentation of both the erythema and the edema reactions. As examples of dermatological conditions that exhibit skin inflammation we imaged patients suffering from acne, herpes zoster, and poison ivy rashes using a hyperspectral-imaging camera. Spectral images were acquired in the visible and near infrared part of the spectrum, where oxy-Hb and water demonstrate absorption bands. The values of apparent concentrations of oxy-Hb and water were calculated based on an algorithm that takes into account spectral contributions of deoxy-hemoglobin, melanin, and scattering. In each case examined concentration maps of oxy-Hb and water can be constructed that represent quantitative visualizations of the intensity and extent of erythema and edema correspondingly. In summary, we demonstrate that spectral imaging can be used in dermatology to quantitatively document parameters relating to skin inflammation. Applications may include monitoring of disease progression as well as efficacy of treatments.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 February 2006
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6078, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics II, 60780P (22 February 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.647078
Show Author Affiliations
Georgios N. Stamatas, Johnson & Johnson CPPW (United States)
Nikiforos Kollias M.D., Johnson & Johnson CPPW (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6078:
Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics II
Kenton W. Gregory M.D.; Nikiforos Kollias M.D.; Reza S. Malek M.D.; Michael D. Lucroy D.V.M.; Henry Hirschberg M.D.; Brian Jet-Fei Wong M.D.; Eugene A. Trowers M.D.; Werner T.W. de Riese; Justus F. R. Ilgner M.D.; Steen J. Madsen; Lloyd P. Tate V.D.M.; Haishan Zeng; Guillermo J. Tearney M.D.; Bernard Choi, Editor(s)

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