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Proceedings Paper

A high frame rate photoacoustic imaging system and its applications to perfusion measurements
Author(s): Chao-Kang Liao; Sheng-Wen Huang; Chen-Wei Wei; Pai-Chi Li
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Paper Abstract

A high frame rate photoacoustic imaging system is described. Applications of this system to perfusion measurements are also presented as a demonstration of its potential usage. The system consists of an ultrasound front-end sub-system for acquisition of acoustic array data. The ultrasound front-end sub-system is also known as the DiPhAS (digital phased array system) which is capable of simultaneously acquiring radio frequency data from 64 transducer channels at a rate up to 40 MSamples/sec per channel. In this study, an ultrasonic linear array with a 5 MHz center frequency was employed as part of the integrated photoacoustic probe. The photoacoustic probe also had two linear light guides mounted on the sides of the ultrasonic array for broad laser irradiation from a Q-switched Nd:YAG pulsed laser. After the acquired ultrasound array data were transferred to a personal computer via a high speed digital I/Q card, dynamic focusing and image reconstruction were done off-line. The 64-channel array data can be acquired and transferred every 4 milliseconds, thus making the frame rate of the system up to 250 Hz. The actual frame rate of the current system is limited by the pulse repetition frequency of the laser at 15 Hz. To demonstrate capabilities of the system, photoacoustic perfusion measurements with gold nanorods were performed. A previously proposed time-intensity based flow estimation technique utilizing the shape transitions of gold nanorods under laser irradiation was employed. Good estimation results were achieved and potential of this high frame rate photoacoustic imaging system is clearly demonstrated.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 March 2006
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6086, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2006: The Seventh Conference on Biomedical Thermoacoustics, Optoacoustics, and Acousto-optics, 60860S (6 March 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.646196
Show Author Affiliations
Chao-Kang Liao, National Taiwan Univ. (Taiwan)
Sheng-Wen Huang, National Taiwan Univ. (Taiwan)
Chen-Wei Wei, National Taiwan Univ. (Taiwan)
Pai-Chi Li, National Taiwan Univ. (Taiwan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6086:
Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2006: The Seventh Conference on Biomedical Thermoacoustics, Optoacoustics, and Acousto-optics
Alexander A. Oraevsky; Lihong V. Wang, Editor(s)

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