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Proceedings Paper

Ureteropyeloscopy and holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy for treatment of ureteral calculi: report of 356 cases
Author(s): Zhong Wu; Qiang Din; Hao-wen Jiang; Jing-cun Zen; Jiang Yu; Yuan-fang Zhang
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Paper Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy for the treatment of ureteral calculi. Methods: A total of 356 patients underwent ureteropyeloscopic lithotripsy using holmium:YAG laser with a semirigid uretesopyeloscope, 93 upper, 135 middle, and 128 lower ureteral stones were treated. Results: The overall successful fragmentation rate for all ureteral stones in a single session achieved 98% (349/356). The successful fragmentation rate stratified by stone location was 95% (88/93) in the upper ureter, 99% (134/135) in the mid ureter , and 99% (127/128) in the distal ureter. 12 cases with bilateral ureteral stones which caused acute renal failure and anuria were treated rapidly and effectively by the holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy. No complications such as perforation and severe trauma were encountered during the operations. 2weeks~17months (with an average of 6.8 month) follow up postoperatively revealed that the overall stone-free rate was 98% (343/349) and no ureteral stenosis was found. Conclusions: Holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy is a highly effective, minimally invasive and safe therapy for ureteral calculi. It is indicated as a first choice of treatment for patients with ureteral calculi, especially for the ones with mid-lower levels of ureteral calculi.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 September 2006
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 5967, 2004 Shanghai International Conference on Laser Medicine and Surgery, 59671W (11 September 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.639376
Show Author Affiliations
Zhong Wu, Fudan Univ. (China)
Qiang Din, Fudan Univ. (China)
Hao-wen Jiang, Fudan Univ. (China)
Jing-cun Zen, Fudan Univ. (China)
Jiang Yu, Fudan Univ. (China)
Yuan-fang Zhang, Fudan Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5967:
2004 Shanghai International Conference on Laser Medicine and Surgery
Jing Zhu, Editor(s)

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