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Proceedings Paper

The distribution of subsurface damage in fused silica
Author(s): P. E. Miller; T. I. Suratwala; L. L. Wong; M. D. Feit; J. A. Menapace; P. J. Davis; R. A. Steele
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Paper Abstract

Managing subsurface damage during the shaping process and removing subsurface damage during the polishing process is essential in the production of low damage density optical components, such as those required for use on high peak power lasers. Removal of subsurface damage, during the polishing process, requires polishing to a depth which is greater than the depth of the residual cracks present following the shaping process. To successfully manage, and ultimately remove subsurface damage, understanding the distribution and character of fractures in the subsurface region introduced during fabrication process is important. We have characterized the depth and morphology of subsurface fractures present following fixed abrasive and loose abrasive grinding processes. At shallow depths lateral cracks and an overlapping series of trailing indentation fractures were found to be present. At greater depths, subsurface damage consists of a series of trailing indentation fractures. The area density of trailing fractures changes as a function of depth, however the length and shape of individual cracks remain nearly constant for a given grinding process. We have developed and applied a model to interpret the depth and crack length distributions of subsurface surface damage in terms of key variables including abrasive size and load.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 February 2006
PDF: 25 pages
Proc. SPIE 5991, Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2005, 599101 (7 February 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.638821
Show Author Affiliations
P. E. Miller, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
T. I. Suratwala, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
L. L. Wong, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
M. D. Feit, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
J. A. Menapace, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
P. J. Davis, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
R. A. Steele, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5991:
Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2005
Gregory J. Exarhos; Arthur H. Guenther; Keith L. Lewis; Detlev Ristau; M.J. Soileau; Christopher J. Stolz, Editor(s)

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