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Proceedings Paper

Nanoparticle manipulation in plasma-assisted nanofabrication of electron field emitters based on single crystalline carbon nanotip patterns
Author(s): Paul P. Rutkevych; Kostya (Ken) Ostrikov; Shuyan Xu
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Paper Abstract

Nanoparticle manipulation by various plasma forces in near-substrate areas of the Integrated Plasma-Aided Nanofabrication Facility (IPANF) is investigated. In the IPANF, high-density plasmas of low-temperature rf glow discharges are sustained. The model near-substrate area includes a variable-length pre-sheath, where a negatively charged nanoparticle is accelerated, and a self-consistent collisionless sheath with a repulsive electrostatic potential. Conditions enabling the nanoparticle to overcome the repulsive barrier and deposit onto the substrate are investigated numerically and experimentally. Under certain conditions the momentum gained by the nanoparticle in the pre-sheath area appears to be sufficient for the driving ion drag force to outbalance the repulsive electrostatic and thermophoretic forces. Numerical results are applied for the explanation of size-selective nanoparticle deposition in the Ar+H2+CH4 plasma-assisted chemical vapor deposition of various carbon nanostructure patterns for electron field emitters and are cross-referenced by the field emission scanning electron microscopy. It is shown that the nanoparticles can be efficiently manipulated by the temperature gradient-controlled thermophoretic force. Experimentally, the temperature gradients in the near-substrate areas are measured in situ by means of the temperature gradient probe and related to the nanofilm fabrication conditions. The results are relevant to plasma-assisted synthesis of numerous nanofilms employing structural incorporation of the plasma-grown nanoparticles, including but not limited to nanofabrication of ordered single-crystalline carbon nanotip arrays for electron field emission applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 January 2006
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6037, Device and Process Technologies for Microelectronics, MEMS, and Photonics IV, 60371G (3 January 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.638236
Show Author Affiliations
Paul P. Rutkevych, Nanyang Technological Univ. (Singapore)
Kostya (Ken) Ostrikov, The Univ. of Sydney (Australia)
Nanyang Technological Univ. (Singapore)
Shuyan Xu, Nanyang Technological Univ. (Singapore)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6037:
Device and Process Technologies for Microelectronics, MEMS, and Photonics IV
Jung-Chih Chiao; Andrew S. Dzurak; Chennupati Jagadish; David V. Thiel, Editor(s)

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