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Proceedings Paper

2-photon laser scanning microscopy on native human cartilage
Author(s): Joerg Martini; Katja Toensing; Michael Dickob; Dario Anselmetti
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Paper Abstract

Native hyaline cartilage from a human knee joint was directly investigated with laser scanning microscopy via 2-photon autofluorescence excitation with no additional staining or labelling protocols in a nondestructive and sterile manner. Using a femtosecond, near-infrared (NIR) Ti:Sa laser for 2-photon excitation and a dedicated NIR long distance objective, autofluorescence imaging and measurements of the extracellular matrix (ECM) tissue with incorporated chondrocytes were possible with a penetration depth of up to 460 μm inside the sample. Via spectral autofluorescence separation these experiments allowed the discrimination of chondrocytes from the ECM and therefore an estimate of chondrocytic cell density within the cartilage tissue to approximately 0.2-2•107cm3. Furthermore, a comparison of the relative autofluorescence signals between nonarthritic and arthritic cartilage tissue exhibited distinct differences in tissue morphology. As these morphological findings are in keeping with the macroscopic diagnosis, our measurement has the potential of being used in future diagnostic applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 October 2005
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 5860, Confocal, Multiphoton, and Nonlinear Microscopic Imaging II, 586003 (7 October 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.632940
Show Author Affiliations
Joerg Martini, Bielefeld Univ. (Germany)
Katja Toensing, Bielefeld Univ. (Germany)
Michael Dickob, Orthopedic Surgery (Germany)
Dario Anselmetti, Bielefeld Univ. (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5860:
Confocal, Multiphoton, and Nonlinear Microscopic Imaging II
Tony Wilson, Editor(s)

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