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Proceedings Paper

Characterization of photomask surface cleaning with cryogenic aerosol technique
Author(s): S. Banerjee; C.C. Lin; S. Su; C. Bowers; H.F. Chung; W. Brandt; K. Tang
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Paper Abstract

This paper describes a new surface cleaning approach for photomask cleaning. This non-conventional cleaning method uses momentum transfer between aerosolized, frozen, CO2 particles and the contaminants for effective removal from surface. The purity of CO2 used is an important component in the determination of cleaning efficiency. The authors will present two methods developed to analyze hydrocarbon contamination in CO2. These analytical methods were used to compare different grades of CO2 including Ultra High Pure (UHP) grade developed for sub-micron particle removal from photomasks. Using the UHP grade CO2, it was shown that greater than 99% particle removal efficiency is possible from silicon wafer surfaces, with higher removal efficiency of sub-micron particles compared to larger size range. This particular characteristic of particle removal by cryogenic aerosol method is theoretically derived in an earlier paper. In this paper results of CO2 cryogenic aerosol cleaning with respect to electrostatic discharges on two different binary masks are presented. The paper also shows the removal of 99.9% of the progressive defects such as haze of 0.5 to 1.0 μm size. Cleaning characterization of attenuating phase shift masks with MoSiON films indicate 0.04% change in transmission and 0.37% change in phase angle after 16 cleaning cycles, suggesting that cryogenic cleaning has minimal effect on transmission and phase of att-PSM.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 November 2005
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5992, 25th Annual BACUS Symposium on Photomask Technology, 59921H (4 November 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.632226
Show Author Affiliations
S. Banerjee, Eco-Snow Systems, Inc. (United States)
C.C. Lin, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd. (Taiwan)
S. Su, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd. (Taiwan)
C. Bowers, Eco-Snow Systems, Inc. (United States)
H.F. Chung, Eco-Snow Systems, Inc. (United States)
W. Brandt, Eco-Snow Systems, Inc. (United States)
K. Tang, BOC Edwards (Singapore)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5992:
25th Annual BACUS Symposium on Photomask Technology
J. Tracy Weed; Patrick M. Martin, Editor(s)

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