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Proceedings Paper

OPC with customized asymmetric pupil illumination fill
Author(s): Christof T. Bodendorf; Jens Haßmann; Thomas Mülders; Karin Kurth; Jörg Thiele
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Paper Abstract

Sophisticated designs of the pupil illumination fill of scanners and steppers permit considerable improvements of the resolution and the quality of the optical projection for certain critical patterns. However, the mask layout can have quite different requirements for the resolution as well as the shape of the critical patterns in the two spatial directions. For instance, typical DRAM designs have one orientation with much higher requirements than the other orientation. This asymmetry can be accounted for with a corresponding pupil fill that has a reduced symmetry as well. It is for example possible to combine high resolution and high contrast of the most critical pattern in one spatial orientation at the cost of the other orientation. Unfortunately, this leads to an asymmetric source distribution with x-y dependent optical proximity effects. Therefore the transfer of one and the same pattern from the mask to the wafer will differ if this pattern is rotated by 90 degrees. But fortunately, this anisotropic mapping can be compensated by applying an appropriate optical proximity correction (OPC) which is anisotropic as well. In the current work, we measure on silicon the orientation dependent proximity effect for a customized and strongly asymmetric pupil illumination fill design. With this input data, we build a lithography simulation model which is able to reproduce this anisotropy well. We further perform full chip anisotropic OPC and present the actual success of this resolution enhancement technique with various measurement results and printed wafer images. We also discuss the challenges and problems of this method.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 November 2005
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5992, 25th Annual BACUS Symposium on Photomask Technology, 599224 (5 November 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.632159
Show Author Affiliations
Christof T. Bodendorf, Infineon Technologies AG (Germany)
Jens Haßmann, Infineon Technologies AG (Germany)
Thomas Mülders, Infineon Technologies AG (Germany)
Karin Kurth, Infineon Technologies AG (Germany)
Jörg Thiele, Infineon Technologies AG (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5992:
25th Annual BACUS Symposium on Photomask Technology
J. Tracy Weed; Patrick M. Martin, Editor(s)

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