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Proceedings Paper

Towards physical implementation of an optical add-drop multiplexer (OADM) based upon properties of 12-fold photonic quasicrystals
Author(s): Robert C. Gauthier; Khaled Mnaymneh
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Paper Abstract

The key feature that gives photonic crystals (PhCs) their ability to form photonic band gaps (PBGs) analogous to electronic band gaps of semiconductors is their translation symmetries. In recent years, however, it has been found that structures that possess only rotational symmetries can also have PBGs. In addition, these structures, known as Photonic Quasicrystals (PhQs), have other interesting qualities that set them apart of their translational cousins. One interesting feature is how defect states can be created in PhQs. If the rotational symmetry is disturbed, defect states analogous to defects states that are created in PhCs can be obtained. Simulation results of these defect states and other propagation properties of planar 12-fold photonic quasicrystal patterns, and its physical implementations in Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI) are presented. The main mechanisms required to make any optical multiplexing system is propagation; stop bands and add/drop ports. With the rotationally symmetry of the PhQ causing the stop bands, line defects facilitating propagation and now these specially design defect states acting as add/drop ports, a physical implementation of an OADM can be presented. Theoretical, practical and manufacturing benefits of PhQs are discussed. Simulated transmission plots are shown for various fill factors, dielectric contrast and propagation direction. It is shown that low index waveguides can be produced using the quasi-crystal photonic crystal pattern. Fabrication steps and results are shown.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 October 2005
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5970, Photonic Applications in Devices and Communication Systems, 59700Q (12 October 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.628873
Show Author Affiliations
Robert C. Gauthier, Carleton Univ. (Canada)
Khaled Mnaymneh, Carleton Univ. (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5970:
Photonic Applications in Devices and Communication Systems
Peter Mascher; John C. Cartledge; Andrew Peter Knights; David V. Plant, Editor(s)

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