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Proceedings Paper

Hybrid numerical-experimental optical investigation of the contact zone of ultrasonic motors
Author(s): Vytautas Ostasevicius; Arvydas Palevicius; Minvydas Ragulskis; Giedrius Janusas; Kestutis Pilkauskas
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Paper Abstract

Ultrasonic motors have seen application in areas needing compact, efficient, and intermittent motion. Such applications include: camera auto focus lenses, watch motors, compact paper handling, microrobots, medicine and etc.. They are characterized by high torque at low rotational speed, simple mechanical design and good controllability. Compared with electromagnetic actuators, there is no danger of interference due to electromagnetic induction because no magnetic field is used and ultrasonic motors are more quiet since speed-reduction gears are not required. A polarization vector of the piezoceramic element and location of excitation electrodes on its surface determine the resonance modes of the high frequency vibration exciter. In its turn the modes of vibration play a key role in the functionality of ultrasonic motor. There are analyzed two different regimes of operation--when the contact zone of the resonator performs elliptic and unidirectional motions. Though the mechanical characteristics of the ultrasonic motor in both cases are comparable, detailed analysis of the contact surface shows very different wears. Laser holography is used to identify and control the regimes of motion of actuator. Experimental results are compared with computer simulations. Contact surfaces are analyzed by atomic force microscope (AFM) before experiment, after 10 minutes and after 50 minutes of operation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 October 2005
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5958, Lasers and Applications, 59582R (11 October 2005);
Show Author Affiliations
Vytautas Ostasevicius, Kaunas Univ. of Technology (Lithuania)
Arvydas Palevicius, Kaunas Univ. of Technology (Lithuania)
Minvydas Ragulskis, Kaunas Univ. of Technology (Lithuania)
Giedrius Janusas, Kaunas Univ. of Technology (Lithuania)
Kestutis Pilkauskas, Kaunas Univ. of Technology (Lithuania)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5958:
Lasers and Applications
Krzysztof M. Abramski; Antonio Lapucci; Edward F. Plinski, Editor(s)

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