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Proceedings Paper

Nighttime activity of moving objects, their mapping and statistic making, on the example of applying thermal imaging and advanced image processing to the research of nocturnal mammals
Author(s): Piotr Pregowski; Edyta Owadowska; Jan Pietrzak; Slawomir Zwolenik
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Paper Abstract

The paper presents method of acquiring a new form of statistical information about the changes at scenery, overseen by thermal imaging camera in static configuration. This type of imagers reach uniquely high efficiency during nighttime surveillance and targeting. The technical issue we have solved, resulted from the problem: how to verify the hypothesis that small, nocturnal rodents, like bank voles, use common paths inside their range and that they form a common, rather stable system? Such research has been especially difficult because the mentioned mammals are secretive, move with various speed and due to low contrast to their natural surroundings - as leaves or grass - nearly impossible for other kind of observations from a few meters distance. The main advantage of the elaborated method showed to be both adequately filtered long thermal movies for manual analyses, as well as auto-creation of the synthetic images which present maps of invisible paths and activity of their usage. Additional file with logs describing objects and their dislocations as the ".txt" files allows various, more detailed studies of animal behavior. The obtained results proved that this original method delivers a new, non-invasive, powerful and dynamic concept of solving various ecological problems. Creation of networks consisted of uncooled thermal imagers - of significantly increased availability - with data transmissions to digital centers allows to investigate of moving - particularly heat generated - objects in complete darkness, much wider and much more efficiently than up today. Thus, although our system was elaborated for ecological studies, a similar one can be considered as a tool for chosen tasks in the optical security areas.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 September 2005
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5954, Optical Security Systems, 59540P (23 September 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.621991
Show Author Affiliations
Piotr Pregowski, PIRS Pregowski Infrared Services (Poland)
Edyta Owadowska, Kampinos National Park (Poland)
Jan Pietrzak, Military Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Slawomir Zwolenik, neoVISION (Poland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5954:
Optical Security Systems
Zbigniew Jaroszewicz; Sergei Y. Popov; Frank Wyrowski, Editor(s)

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