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Proceedings Paper

Ultra-short laser ablation of biological tissue
Author(s): A. Daskalova; Wolfgang Husinsky
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Paper Abstract

The investigation of mechanism of ultra-short laser ablation process of biological tissue represents one of the challenging subjects over the last couple of years. The femtosecond laser pulses are very well suited for high precision surgery, due to its low thermal and mechanical stress. The current research was emphasized on the examination of the interaction mechanism of high intensity ultra-short femtosecond and nanosecond laser pulses with hard biological tissue material (tooth, bones). It was established that femtosecond ablation works well for ablation of complex biological molecule systems. A more detailed view was taken by investigating the ablation dynamics at several wavelengths. The precise examination of the mass spectra of laser ablation with 193 nm and 800 nm introduces the way of altering the chemical composition of the ablated tissue. In general, it was found that ablation with ultra-short (femtosecond) pulses at 800 nm radiation yields the highest number of characteristic ions. To better understand the interaction mechanism we have performed post-ionization experiments. It was of main importance to succeed to establish efficient ionization of the organic molecules with minimal fragmentation. This work demonstrates sensitivity of the time-of-flight (TOF) technique and the great potential of the laser ablation/ultra-short laser secondary neutrals mass spectroscopy (LA/US-LSNMA) method in increasing the information content of biomolecular mass spectra.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 April 2005
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 5830, 13th International School on Quantum Electronics: Laser Physics and Applications, (22 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.618535
Show Author Affiliations
A. Daskalova, Institute of Electronics (Bulgaria)
Wolfgang Husinsky, Vienna Univ. of Technology (Austria)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5830:
13th International School on Quantum Electronics: Laser Physics and Applications
Peter A. Atanasov; Sanka V. Gateva; Lachezar A. Avramov; Alexander A. Serafetinides, Editor(s)

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