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Proceedings Paper

A procedure for embedding effluent plumes into LWIR imagery
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Paper Abstract

Longwave Infrared (LWIR) data sets collected from airborne platforms provide opportunities for study of atmospheric and surface features in the emissive spectral regime. The transfer of radiation for LWIR scenes can be formulated in a manner that allows recovery of the surface-leaving radiance (a result of atmospheric compensation). Using a forward radiative transfer model, a number of modifications to the atmospheric component of the scene can be made and applied to the surface-leaving radiance to predict sensor radiance that reflects a desired scenario. One such modification is the inclusion of a layer of effluent, the structure of which can be simulated by a plume model. Additionally, a different set of atmospheric conditions can be modeled and used to replace the conditions present in the scene. The resultant scene radiance field can be used to test algorithms for effluent characterization since the composition of the effluent layer and the intervening atmosphere is known. This approach allows for the embedding of a plume layer containing any combination of effluents from a set of over 400 gas spectra, the dispersion of which can be simulated using various plume models. Examples of simulated plume scenes are given, one of which contains an existing plume which is replicated using known emission information. Comparison of the real and simulated plume brightness temperatures yielded differences on the order of 0.2 K.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 June 2005
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5806, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XI, (1 June 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.604895
Show Author Affiliations
Michael K. Griffin, MIT Lincoln Lab. (United States)
Richard N. Czerwinski, MIT Lincoln Lab. (United States)
Carolyn A. Upham, MIT Lincoln Lab. (United States)
Edward C. Wack, MIT Lincoln Lab. (United States)
Hsiao-hua K. Burke, MIT Lincoln Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5806:
Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XI
Sylvia S. Shen; Paul E. Lewis, Editor(s)

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