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Proceedings Paper

Active backplane spatial light modulators using chiral smectic liquid crystals (Invited Paper)
Author(s): William A. Crossland; Martin J. H. Birch; A. B. Davey; David G. Vass
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Paper Abstract

We consider the addressing requirements associated with some analogue and binary electro- optic effects in chiral smectic liquid crystals driven from silicon VLSI backplanes. This class of liquid crystals offers major improvements in switching speed over electro-optic effects in nematic liquid crystals, but their non-RMS response to impressed voltages leads to addressing difficulties. Their spontaneous polarization also leads to limitations in using pixel drive circuits resembling dynamic random access memory cells (DRAMs), which are commonplace in display technology. Some illustrative examples of the performance of electro-optic effects with currently available materials are given, followed by a discussion of the problems associated with the charging phenomena occurring when ferroelectric liquid crystals are driven from active backplane drive circuits. Addressing schemes are then considered, particularly those that are aimed at providing electro-optic modulators with continuous optical access and with no temporal noise in their transfer characteristic, such as might be needed in optical switching devices. Some examples of experimental pixel circuits are given.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 June 1992
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 1665, Liquid Crystal Materials, Devices, and Applications, (15 June 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.60405
Show Author Affiliations
William A. Crossland, BNR Europe Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Martin J. H. Birch, BNR Europe Ltd. (United Kingdom)
A. B. Davey, BNR Europe Ltd. (United Kingdom)
David G. Vass, Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1665:
Liquid Crystal Materials, Devices, and Applications
Paul S. Drzaic; Uzi Efron, Editor(s)

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