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Irma 5.1 multisensor signature prediction model
Author(s): James Savage; Charles Coker; Bea Thai; Omar Aboutalib; Neil Yamaoka; Charles Kim
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Paper Abstract

The Irma synthetic signature prediction code is being developed to facilitate the research and development of multisensor systems. Irma was one of the first high resolution Infrared (IR) target and background signature models to be developed for tactical weapon application. Originally developed in 1980 by the Munitions Directorate of the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL/MN), the Irma model was used exclusively to generate IR scenes. In 1988, a number of significant upgrades to Irma were initiated including the addition of a laser (or active) channel. This two-channel version was released to the user community in 1990. In 1992, an improved scene generator was incorporated into the Irma model, which supported correlated frame-to-frame imagery. A passive IR/millimeter wave (MMW) code was completed in 1994. This served as the cornerstone for the development of the co-registered active/passive IR/MMW model, Irma 4.0. In 2000, Irma version 5.0 was released which encompassed several upgrades to both the physical models and software. Circular polarization was added to the passive channel and the doppler capability was added to the active MMW channel. In 2002, the multibounce technique was added to the Irma passive channel. In the ladar channel, a user-friendly Ladar Sensor Assistant (LSA) was incorporated which provides capability and flexibility for sensor modeling. Irma 5.0 runs on several platforms including Windows, Linux, Solaris, and SGI Irix. Since 2000, additional capabilities and enhancements have been added to the ladar channel including polarization and speckle effect. Work is still ongoing to add time-jittering model to the ladar channel. A new user interface has been introduced to aid users in the mechanism of scene generation and running the Irma code. The user interface provides a canvas where a user can add and remove objects using mouse clicks to construct a scene. The scene can then be visualized to find the desired sensor position. The synthetic ladar signatures have been validated twice and underwent a third validation test near the end of 04. These capabilities will be integrated into the next release, Irma 5.1, scheduled for completion in the summer of FY05. Irma is currently being used to support a number of civilian and military applications. The Irma user base includes over 130 agencies within the Air Force, Army, Navy, DARPA, NASA, Department of Transportation, academia, and industry. The purpose of this paper is to report the progress of the Irma 5.1 development effort.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 May 2005
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 5811, Targets and Backgrounds XI: Characterization and Representation, (25 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.603859
Show Author Affiliations
James Savage, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Charles Coker, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Bea Thai, Northrop Grumman (United States)
Omar Aboutalib, Northrop Grumman (United States)
Neil Yamaoka, Northrop Grumman (United States)
Charles Kim, Northrop Grumman (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5811:
Targets and Backgrounds XI: Characterization and Representation
Wendell R. Watkins; Dieter Clement; William R. Reynolds, Editor(s)

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