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Proceedings Paper

A multilevel exploration of normative reasoning
Author(s): Paul Bello; Yingrui Yang
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Paper Abstract

Herein, we explore the psychology of deontic reasoning through the presentation of a heterogeneous natural logic combining inference schemas with a preference-based model-theoretic semantics such as those typically found in various formalisms for nonmonotonic reasoning. We conjecture that the heterogeneous approach is a generalization of various other hypotheses concerning deontic reasoning, and provides a robust framework for explaining semantic intricacies which are present in so-called ``deontic paradoxes." As an initial investigation, two theories were tested: The first hypothesis states that people represent an obligation as a conditional statement which explicitly includes the concept of violation, and the other postulates that people not only prefer deontically perfect situations to less-than-perfect situations, but also have preference between these sub-ideal situations. Two sets of experiments were conducted in order to gain some insight regarding these two ideas, and the results show strong evidence supporting our initial intuitions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 May 2005
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5805, Enabling Technologies for Simulation Science IX, (19 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.603740
Show Author Affiliations
Paul Bello, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Yingrui Yang, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5805:
Enabling Technologies for Simulation Science IX
Dawn A. Trevisani; Alex F. Sisti, Editor(s)

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