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Proceedings Paper

Rapid mapping of soil electrical conductivity by remote sensing: implication for landmine detection and vehicle mobility
Author(s): T. J. Katsube; H. McNairn; Y. Das; E. Gauthier; R. M. Holt; V. Singhroy; R. DiLabio; S. Connell-Madore; L. Dyke
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Paper Abstract

Many soil physical and chemical properties interfere with landmine detection signals. Since prior knowledge of these property distributions would allow appropriate technology selection and efficient demining operations, rapid mapping of these properties over wide areas are considered for meeting military and economic constraints. As soil electrical conductivity (EC) interferes with widely used detection systems, such as metal detectors and ground penetrating radar, we have started with developing a rapid mapping technique for EC using remote sensing. Electromagnetic surveys are proven methods for mapping EC, but do not provide all information required for demining. Therefore, EC prediction by imaging of soil moisture change using radar satellite imagery acquired by RADARSAT is being tested in eastern Alberta (Canada) and northern Mississippi (U.S.A.). Areas of little soil moisture change with time are associated with high moisture retention and high clay content, suggesting higher EC. These soil characteristics are also associated with trafficability. RADARSAT soil moisture change detection images for eastern Alberta identified five areas with possible high moisture retention characteristics. Validation by soil and trafficability maps verified the predictions for more than half of the areas. Lack of some prediction accuracy is considered due to image acquisition timing and lack of physical property knowledge of some soil constituents.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 June 2005
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 5794, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets X, (10 June 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.602825
Show Author Affiliations
T. J. Katsube, Geological Survey of Canada (Canada)
H. McNairn, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (Canada)
Y. Das, Defence R&D Canada Suffield (Canada)
E. Gauthier, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (Canada)
R. M. Holt, The Univ. of Mississippi (United States)
V. Singhroy, Canada Ctr. for Remote Sensing (Canada)
R. DiLabio, Geological Survey of Canada (Canada)
S. Connell-Madore, Geological Survey of Canada (Canada)
L. Dyke, Geological Survey of Canada (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5794:
Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets X
Russell S. Harmon; J. Thomas Broach; John H. Holloway Jr., Editor(s)

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