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Proceedings Paper

Optimization of a piezoelectric acoustical compressor
Author(s): R. A. Dickens; A. Baz
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Paper Abstract

A one-dimensional, axisymmetric, linear finite element model describing a fluid interacting with a piezoelectric actuator is developed. This system is used to generate finite amplitude standing waves in an acoustic cavity with rigid walls. The model includes the effects of viscous and thermal damping of the fluid at the boundary of the cavity, and material damping in the piezoelectric actuator. Two types of piezoelectric actuators are considered, a stacked layer actuator, and a bending bimorph actuator. The resulting finite element equations are used to determine the optimum shape for the acoustic cavity that results in the highest pressure for the least input power. Optimal chambers were found that could generate 19 psi at 1700 Hz for 50 watts of power using air as a working fluid and 70 psi at 950 Hz for 42 watts of power using R-134A as a working fluid. The optimization results were verified against the commercial finite element code ANSYS and published experimental data. The potential of the transition of the developed technology to other fields is viable and is only limited by our imagination as it includes numerous applications such as the inflation of inflatable structures, inflation of tires and refrigeration and air-conditioning.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 May 2005
PDF: 24 pages
Proc. SPIE 5757, Smart Structures and Materials 2005: Modeling, Signal Processing, and Control, (19 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.602711
Show Author Affiliations
R. A. Dickens, DRS Signal Solutions, Inc. (United States)
A. Baz, Univ. of Maryland/College Park (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5757:
Smart Structures and Materials 2005: Modeling, Signal Processing, and Control
Ralph C. Smith, Editor(s)

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