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Proceedings Paper

Local damage detection from dynamic SOFO experimental data
Author(s): S. Casciati; M. Domaneschi; D. Inaudi
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Paper Abstract

Two goals are pursued in this paper. The first goal consists of comparing the performance of the innovative SOFO dynamic system, which uses long-gauge fiber-optic sensors, with the traditional monitoring method based on accelerometers. For this purpose, a dynamic laboratory test was carried out, and measurements were taken from a single-storey three-dimensional steel frame model excited at the base by a shaking table. The SOFO dynamic system was installed on one column of the frame structure, while two accelerometers were mounted on the base and on the frame storey, respectively, for comparison. The use of fiber-optic sensors allows to overcome the difficulties associated with the traditional dynamic measurement methods, such as the limitations in the number and in the locations of the monitoring devices. Furthermore, the long-gauge fiber-optic strain sensors show a very high sensitivity and extend the frequency range (1mHz-1KHz). The second goal is to investigate the sensitivity to local damage of a recently proposed method for damage detection and localization. Indeed, the use of better performing long-gauge strain sensors allows the detection of local damage that is hardly visible in the global response of the structure. Damages of increasing intensities are therefore gradually introduced in the structure, and the measurements acquisition is repeated for each of the damaged cases. The SHM-RSM method, which is based on the idea of using a response surface model to approximate the relationship between the measurements collected by different sensors during the same test, is finally applied to the collected data to detect and locate the damages of different intensities.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 May 2005
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5765, Smart Structures and Materials 2005: Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems, (17 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.600440
Show Author Affiliations
S. Casciati, Univ. of Pavia (Italy)
M. Domaneschi, Univ. of Pavia (Italy)
D. Inaudi, SMARTEC SA (Switzerland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5765:
Smart Structures and Materials 2005: Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems
Masayoshi Tomizuka, Editor(s)

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