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Proceedings Paper

Two-wave pattern shift aberration monitor for centrally obscured optical systems
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Paper Abstract

An aberration monitoring technique based on lateral shifts of two-wave interference patterns in centrally obscured optical systems is presented, and simulations are used to evaluate the performance of such a technique. The technique is being explored as a convenient means for monitoring the aberration level in the 0.3-NA Micro Exposure Tool (MET) optic over time. A binary mask was designed for observing phase differences across the MET optic on cut-lines at 0, 45, 90 and 135 degrees across the pupil. The mask consists of 5 line-and space patterns in a dark field that measure the side-to-side phase difference across the pupil at 7 equally spaced radial points extending from 35% to 95% of the pupil radius. For near on-axis illumination the blockage of the zero-order creates a two-wave, interferometric pattern at the wafer with half of the period expected under normal imaging conditions. The optical path difference between the two orders produces an image shift of one full period of the (frequency doubled) interference pattern per 360 degrees of side-to-side path difference. Shifts on the order of 5 to 20 nm are expected and are measured using a reference target of an array of 5 medium sized dots. Aerial image simulation is being utilized to predict the expected performance and to improve the initial design. The aberrations measured by interferometry are being used for this purpose. Also the quality of images at low partial coherence with the wavefront convergence present in the MET illumination is being studied. In addition to theory and simulation results, practical considerations in implementing this technique on actual lithography tools based upon MET-type optics are addressed, including pattern design, illumination characteristics, and data analysis.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 May 2005
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5751, Emerging Lithographic Technologies IX, (6 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.600399
Show Author Affiliations
Jason P. Cain, Univ. of California/Berkeley (United States)
Gregory McIntyre, Univ. of California/Berkeley (United States)
Patrick Naulleau, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (United States)
Adam Pawloski, Advanced Micro Devices (United States)
Bruno La Fontaine, Advanced Micro Devices (United States)
Obert Wood II, Advanced Micro Devices (United States)
Costas J. Spanos, Univ. of California/Berkeley (United States)
Andrew R. Neureuther, Univ. of California/Berkeley (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5751:
Emerging Lithographic Technologies IX
R. Scott Mackay, Editor(s)

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