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Proceedings Paper

Smart vibration control analysis of seismic response using MR dampers in the elevated highway bridge structures
Author(s): Shi Yan; Hai Zhang
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Paper Abstract

The magnetorheological (MR) damper is on of the smart controllers used widely in civil engineering structures. These kinds of dampers are applied in the paper in the elevated highway bridge (EHB) with rubber bearing support piers to mitigate damages of the bridge during the severe earthquake ground motion. The dynamic calculating model and equation of motion for the EHB system are set up theoretically and the LQR semi-active control algorithm of seismic response for the EHB system is developed to reduce effectively the responses of the structure. The non-linear calculation model of the piers that rigid degradation is considered and numerical simulative calculation are carried out by Matlab program. The number and location as well as the maximum control forces of the MR dampers, which are the most important parameters for the controlled system, are determined and the rubber bearing and connection forms of the damper play also important rule in the control efficiency. A real EHB structure that is located in Anshan city, Liaoning province in China is used as an example to be calculated under different earthquake records. The results of the calculation show that it is effective to reduce seismic responses of the EHB system by combining the rubber bearing isolation with semi-active MR control technique under the earthquake ground motion. The locations of MR dampers and structural parameters will influence seriously to the effects of structural vibration control.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 May 2005
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5765, Smart Structures and Materials 2005: Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems, (17 May 2005);
Show Author Affiliations
Shi Yan, Shenyang Jianzhu Univ. (China)
Hai Zhang, Shenyang Jianzhu Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5765:
Smart Structures and Materials 2005: Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems
Masayoshi Tomizuka, Editor(s)

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