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Proceedings Paper

Choroidal abnormalities and masquerade syndromes confounding the diagnosis of laser-induced eye injuries
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Paper Abstract

The diagnosis of a laser-induced eye injury occurring in occupational or military environments is often complicated by confounding symptoms, the possibility of pre-existing pathology, and/or a lack of visual deficits that can be clearly associated with a specific incident. Two recent cases are described that illustrate the importance of a thorough differential diagnosis when coexisting retinal pathologies are present with potentially different (e.g. laser or disease) etiologies. Indocyanine green angiography (ICG) and ocular coherence tomography (OCT) used in combination with standard ophthalmic imaging can provide helpful insights as to the etiology of these lesions. Vascular choroidal abnormalities such as hemangiomas or occult histoplasmosis infection can produce findings that can mimic the leakage that may be evident from neovascular membranes associated with laser injury. Further evaluation with OCT and conventional fluorescein angiography (FA) is helpful to look for the classic signature of retinal disruption and retinal pigment layer changes that are often present in association with laser injury. Furthermore, a careful situational assessment of a potential laser exposure is important to confirm the diagnosis of laser-induced eye injury.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 April 2005
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5688, Ophthalmic Technologies XV, (18 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.598548
Show Author Affiliations
Henry D. Hacker M.D., U.S. Army Medical Research Detachment (United States)
Harry Zwick, U.S. Army Medical Research Detachment (United States)
Jeremiah Brown Jr., Ophthalmology Associates of San Antonio (United States)
Bruce E. Stuck, U.S. Army Medical Research Detachment (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5688:
Ophthalmic Technologies XV
Fabrice Manns; Bruce E. Stuck; Michael Belkin M.D.; Per G. Söderberg; Arthur Ho, Editor(s)

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