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Proceedings Paper

Camera evidence: visibility analysis through a multicamera viewpoint
Author(s): Mark Bajuk
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Paper Abstract

A major criterion in the design of backhoes (and other heavy machinery) is the ability of the operator to see all critical portions of the vehicle and the surrounding environment. Computer graphics provides a method for analyzing this ability prior to the building of full-scale wooden models. By placing the computer graphic camera at the operator's eyepoint, designers can detect poor placement of supports, blind spots, etc. In this type of analysis, the camera becomes an active, yet somewhat imperfect, participant in our understanding of what an operator of the backhoe 'sees'. In order to simulate a backhoe operator's vision from within a cab, one needs to expand the angle of view of the camera to mimic unfocused, peripheral vision. A traditional wide-angle lens creates extreme distortions that are not present in 'natural' vision, and is therefore hardly an adequate representation. The solution we arrived at uses seven cameras fanned out horizontally in order to capture a relatively undistorted 155 degree angle of view. In addition, another camera displays and numerically analyzes the percentage of the loader bucket visible and blocked. These two views are presented simultaneously in order to address both the 'naturalistic' and quantitative needs of the designers, as well as to point to the incompleteness of any one representation of a scene. In the next phase of this project we will bring this type of analysis into a machine environment more conducive to interactivity: a backhoe simulator with levers to control the vehicle and bucket positions, viewed through a virtual reality environment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 June 1992
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 1668, Visual Data Interpretation, (1 June 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.59656
Show Author Affiliations
Mark Bajuk, Univ. of Illinois/Urbana-Champaign (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1668:
Visual Data Interpretation
Joanna R. Alexander, Editor(s)

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