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Proceedings Paper

Waveguide structures in heavy-metal oxide glasses written with fs laser pulses
Author(s): J. Solis; Jan Siegel; Jose M. Fernandez-Navarro; Fidel Vega; Jesus Armengol; V. Diez-Blanco; A. Garcia; Oscar Sanz
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Paper Abstract

Heavy metal oxide (HMO) glasses include, among others, compound oxide glasses with high Bi- and/or Pb-oxide content. These materials are very atttractive for photonic applications because they show phonon energies lower than those of silicates or borates, which provides them with an extended transparency interval in the mid infrared (λ ≤ 7-8 μm). This feature makes them specially suitable for infrared transmission applications. In addition, they have high density, a relatively low glass transition temperature, and an excellent chemical and physical stability. However, they show relatively small energy band-gaps (2 - 3 eV) and large linear (no ≥ 2) and non-linear refractive indices (n2 ≈ 10-19 - 10-18 m2/W), which makes their processing with ultrashort pulses to become a challenge. This work analyses different issues inherent to the production of waveguides in these materials by direct writing with fs laser pulses. We will show, as an example, the feasibility of writing efficient waveguides in 35PbO • 35Bi2O3 • 15 Ga2O3 • 15 GeO2 HMO glass. The comparison of the behavior of this material with glasses showing lower linear and non-linear refractive indices allows to conclude that direct fs-laser waveguide writing with peak powers above the critical self-focusing threshold is feasible. Different means to control the guided mode distribution under this condition are presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 October 2004
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5662, Fifth International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication, (8 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.596350
Show Author Affiliations
J. Solis, Instituto de Optica/CISC (Spain)
Jan Siegel, Instituto de Optica/CISC (Spain)
Jose M. Fernandez-Navarro, Instituto de Optica/CISC (Spain)
Fidel Vega, Univ. Politecnica de Catalunya (Spain)
Jesus Armengol, Univ. Politecnica de Catalunya (Spain)
V. Diez-Blanco, Instituto de Optica/CISC (Spain)
A. Garcia, Instituto de Optica/CISC (Spain)
Oscar Sanz, Instituto de Optica/CISC (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5662:
Fifth International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication
Isamu Miyamoto; Henry Helvajian; Kazuyoshi Itoh; Kojiro F. Kobayashi; Andreas Ostendorf; Koji Sugioka, Editor(s)

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