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Proceedings Paper

Laser modification of glass-ceramics structure and properties: a new view to traditional materials
Author(s): Vadim P. Veiko; Q. K. Kieu; Nikolay V. Nikonorov
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Paper Abstract

Glass-ceramics (GCs) usually have glass structure doped with microcrystals that are responsible for main properties: mechanical, chemical, optical, etc. As for optical properties, GCs are non-optical materials due to a strong scattering in the visible range. By now different laser technologies for modification of structure of GCs structure have been developed. Heating of GCs with the use of a laser radiation transforms crystalline phase in to glassy. It results in a change of following physical and chemical properties of the irradiated area as density, volume, viscosity, hardness, transparency, refraction, etc. The most important thing is that optical transparency of GCs drastically increases in the visible and near IR range due to the appearance of a new glassy structure. Variation of laser treatment conditions (power, exposure, wavelength from IR to UV) as well as selection of composition of GCs allows to control mentioned characteristics. We have investigated two compositions of GCs with crystalline phases of TiO2-SiO2 (Sitall ST-50) and Li2O-SiO2 ("Fotoform"). The change of refractive index and surface relief has been used as the first step for fabrication of optical elements. The second stage was a chemical processing including an ion exchange technique (Li↔Na, K, Rb, for "Fotoform") and etching of irradiated and non-irradiated areas. Crystalline and glassy phases have different diffusion coefficient and rates of etching. It allows to modify the refractive index and the surface relief of optical elements. The other important feature is a difference in the macroscopic volumes of ordered-disordered phases which can be used to produce some surface reliefs etc. As a result of above mentioned rsearch mini- and micro-optical components based on two GCs have been fabricated and demonstrated: lenses and lens arrays, waveguides and other waveguiding components, diffractive gratings, integrated diaphragms etc.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 October 2004
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5662, Fifth International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication, (8 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.596294
Show Author Affiliations
Vadim P. Veiko, St. Petersburg State Univ. of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics (Russia)
Q. K. Kieu, St. Petersburg State Univ. of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics (Russia)
Nikolay V. Nikonorov, St. Petersburg State Univ. of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics (Russia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5662:
Fifth International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication
Isamu Miyamoto; Henry Helvajian; Kazuyoshi Itoh; Kojiro F. Kobayashi; Andreas Ostendorf; Koji Sugioka, Editor(s)

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