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Proceedings Paper

Line array transmission sources for SPECT attenuation correction—design and reconstruction
Author(s): E. G. Hawman; T. D. Rempel; A. H. Vija; J. C. Engdahl
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Paper Abstract

Correction for non-uniform attenuation in SPECT generally requires measurements of radiation transmittance through the patient and reconstruction of the data to form an attenuation image, or mu-map. For nuclear cardiac studies it useful if the emission and transmission data for each projection view can be acquired simultaneously using non-overlapping energy windows. This simplifies the registration of the emission and transmission data. Large area transmission sources are desirable to avoid data truncation; however, 2D-planar liquid sources are cumbersome and extended solid area sources of Gd-153 or Am-247 are impractical. Co-57 sheet sources present spectral overlap problems for imaging of Tc-99m tracers. With Gd-153 line arrays, one can achieve the benefits of 2D-planar sources, low truncation and simultaneous emission/transmission measurements, using lightweight static mechanical attachments to the SPECT camera system. A new method is proposed to determine optimal positions for the lines of the transmission array based on maximizing the entropy of the transmitted flux through the patient. Transmission reconstruction using parallel beam filtered back-projection yields attenuation maps with poor spatial resolution and significant aliasing effects. The degradations of image quality become worse as the angular separations of the lines as seen by the detector increase. To improve the reconstruction of line array transmission data a maximum likelihood modified gradient algorithm was derived. The algorithm takes into account emission-to-transmission down scatter as well as the overlapping of radiation patterns of the individual lines. Ordered subset versions of algorithms are explored. Image quality is assessed with simulations based on an attenuation map derived from CT.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 April 2005
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5745, Medical Imaging 2005: Physics of Medical Imaging, (20 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.596081
Show Author Affiliations
E. G. Hawman, Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Inc. (United States)
T. D. Rempel, Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Inc. (United States)
A. H. Vija, Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Inc. (United States)
J. C. Engdahl, Bradley Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5745:
Medical Imaging 2005: Physics of Medical Imaging
Michael J. Flynn, Editor(s)

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