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Proceedings Paper

Evaluation of image quality and dose on a flat-panel CT-scanner
Author(s): M. Grasruck; Ch. Suess; K. Stierstorfer; S. Popescu; T. Flohr
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Paper Abstract

We developed and evaluated a prototype flat-panel detector based Volume CT (VCT) scanner. We focused on improving the image quality using different detector settings and reducing x-ray scatter intensities. For the presented results we used a Varian 4030CB flat-panel detector mounted in a multislice CT-gantry (Siemens Medical Systems). The scatter intensities may severely impair image quality in flat-panel detector CT systems. To reduce the impact of scatter we tested bowtie shaped filters, anti-scatter grids and post-processing correction algorithms. We evaluated the improvement of image quality by each method and also by a combination of the several methods. To achieve an extended dynamic range in the projection data, we implemented a novel dynamic gain-switching mode. The read out charge amplifier feedback capacitance is changing dynamically in this mode, depending on the signal level. For this scan mode dedicated corrections in the offset and gain calibration are required. We compared image quality in terms of low contrast for both, the dynamic mode and the standard fixed gain mode. VCT scanners require different types of dose parameters. We measured the dose in a 16 cm CTDI phantom and free air in the scanners iso-center and defined a new metric for a VCT dose index (VCTDI). The dose for a high quality VCT scan of this prototype scanner varied between 15 and 40 mGy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 April 2005
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5745, Medical Imaging 2005: Physics of Medical Imaging, (20 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.594583
Show Author Affiliations
M. Grasruck, Siemens Medical Solutions (Germany)
Ch. Suess, Siemens Medical Solutions (Germany)
K. Stierstorfer, Siemens Medical Solutions (Germany)
S. Popescu, Siemens Medical Solutions (Germany)
T. Flohr, Siemens Medical Solutions (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5745:
Medical Imaging 2005: Physics of Medical Imaging
Michael J. Flynn, Editor(s)

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