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Proceedings Paper

Improving information assimilation by modeling warfighter context
Author(s): Jack D. Zaientz; Scott D. Wood; Robert L. Hawkins
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Paper Abstract

In order to wage successful campaigns, the next generation of intelligence analysts and battle commanders will need to assimilate an enormous amount of information that will come from a wide range of heterogeneous data sources. Complicating this problem further is the fact that warfighters need to be able to manage information in an environment of rapidly changing events and priorities. The consequence of not addressing this problem, or not addressing it as effectively as hostile forces do, is a potential loss of assets, personnel, or tactical advantage. To design effective information displays there needs to be an extensible framework that models the warfighters context including characteristics of the information sources being displayed, the current Intelligence Surveillance Reconnaissance (ISR) picture or Common Operating Picture (COP), the warfighters current state and task, and the state of the information display. BINAH (Battlespace Information and Notification through Adaptive Heuristics) uses an agent-based modeling approach coupled with research into temporal and spatial reasoning, novel display management techniques, and development of a formal high-level language for describing model-based information configuration. The result is an information configuration pipeline designed to provide perceptual and cognitive analysis support to Air Force analysts engaged in Time-Critical Targeting target nomination. It has been integrated with the Air Force Research Laboratory's (AFRL) XML-based Joint Battlespace Infosphere (JBI) combat information management system and combines JBI delivered sensor data with a local user model and display strategies to configure a geospatial information display. The BINAH framework will provide a firm grounding for developing new C4ISR displays that maximize the ability of warfighters to assimilate the information presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 May 2005
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5805, Enabling Technologies for Simulation Science IX, (19 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.592432
Show Author Affiliations
Jack D. Zaientz, Soar Technology, Inc. (United States)
Scott D. Wood, Soar Technology, Inc. (United States)
Robert L. Hawkins, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5805:
Enabling Technologies for Simulation Science IX
Dawn A. Trevisani; Alex F. Sisti, Editor(s)

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