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Proceedings Paper

Study of style effects on OCR errors in the MEDLINE database
Author(s): Penny Garrison; Diane L. Davis; Tim L. Andersen; Elisa H. Barney Smith
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Paper Abstract

The National Library of Medicine has developed a system for the automatic extraction of data from scanned journal articles to populate the MEDLINE database. Although the 5-engine OCR system used in this process exhibits good performance overall, it does make errors in character recognition that must be corrected in order for the process to achieve the requisite accuracy. The correction process works by feeding words that have characters with less than 100% confidence (as determined automatically by the OCR engine) to a human operator who then must manually verify the word or correct the error. The majority of these errors are contained in the affiliate information zone where the characters are in italics or small fonts. Therefore only affiliate information data is used in this research. This paper examines the correlation between OCR errors and various character attributes in the MEDLINE database, such as font size, italics, bold, etc. The motivation for this research is that if a correlation between the types of characters and types of errors exists it should be possible to use this information to improve operator productivity by increasing the probability that the correct word option is presented to the human editor. Using a categorizing program and confusion matrices, we have determined that this correlation exists, in particular for the case of characters with diacritics.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 January 2005
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5676, Document Recognition and Retrieval XII, (17 January 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.589408
Show Author Affiliations
Penny Garrison, Boise State Univ. (United States)
Diane L. Davis, Boise State Univ. (United States)
Tim L. Andersen, Boise State Univ. (United States)
Elisa H. Barney Smith, Boise State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5676:
Document Recognition and Retrieval XII
Elisa H. Barney Smith; Kazem Taghva, Editor(s)

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