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Proceedings Paper

Engineering band gaps in highly symmetric photonic crystals
Author(s): Tom D.M. Lee; Majd E. Zoorob; Simon J. Cox; Martin D.B. Charlton; Greg J. Parker
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Paper Abstract

A novel method for producing photonic crystals with high orders of rotational symmetry using an inverse Fourier transform (IFT) method is presented. The IFT of an n-sided polygon is taken and the position of the peaks are computed in order to obtain a set of discrete points in real space where the scattering centres are to be located. We show, by simulating the diffraction pattern, that although these points appear disordered, they possess long range order, which also confirms that the arrangement of points has n-fold rotational symmetry. The structures thus possess an arbitrary number of rotational symmetries, whilst retaining the sharp diffraction patterns characteristic of known crystal lattices which exhibit wide band gaps. We present simulation results using the finite difference time domain method (FDTDM) for large non repeating patterns of scatterers produced by this method. We also present results where around 50 points have been generated in a square unit cell and tiled to produce a lattice. These, were simulated using both the finite element method (FEM) and the FDTDM, which agree well. Our results demonstrate that the method is capable of producing crystal structures with wide band gaps where the scattering centres are either non-repeating with no fundamental unit cell, or consist of a (large) number of points in a unit cell, which may then be tiled to form a lattice.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 April 2005
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5733, Photonic Crystal Materials and Devices III, (13 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.588664
Show Author Affiliations
Tom D.M. Lee, Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)
Majd E. Zoorob, Mesophotonics Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Simon J. Cox, Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)
Mesophotonics Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Martin D.B. Charlton, Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)
Mesophotonics Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Greg J. Parker, Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5733:
Photonic Crystal Materials and Devices III
Ali Adibi; Shawn-Yu Lin; Axel Scherer, Editor(s)

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