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Proceedings Paper

Shedding light on some possible remedies against watermark desynchronization: a case study
Author(s): Mauro Barni
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Paper Abstract

Watermark de-synchronization is perhaps the most dangerous attack against the great majority of watermarking systems proposed so far. Exhaustive search and template matching are two of the most popular solution against it, however several doubts exist about their effectiveness. As a matter of fact, a controversial point in digital watermarking is whether these techniques are of any help to cope with watermark de-synchronization introduced by geometric attacks. On one side, watermark synchronization through exhaustive search dramatically increases the false detection probability. On the other side, for the template matching approach the probability of a synchronization error must be taken into account, thus deteriorating significantly the performance of the system. It is the scope of this paper to shed some light on the above points. To do so we focus on a very simple case study, whereby we show that as long as the size of the search space (the cardinality of the geometric attack) increases polynomially with the length of the to-be-marked host feature sequence, both methods provide an effective solution to the de-synchronization problem. Interestingly, and rather surprisingly, we also show that Exhaustive Search Detection (ESD) always outperforms Template Matching Detection (TMD), though the general behavior of the two schemes is rather similar.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 March 2005
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5681, Security, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents VII, (21 March 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.584615
Show Author Affiliations
Mauro Barni, Univ. degli Studi di Siena (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5681:
Security, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents VII
Edward J. Delp III; Ping W. Wong, Editor(s)

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