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Proceedings Paper

CMOS-MEMS resonator as a signal generator for fully-adiabatic logic circuits
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Paper Abstract

Fully-adiabatic (thermodynamically reversible) logic is one of the few promising approaches to low-power logic design. To maximize the system power-performance of an adiabatic circuit requires an ultra low-loss on-chip clock source, which can generate an output signal with a quasi-trapezoidal (flat-topped) voltage waveform. In this paper, we propose to use high-Q MEMS resonators to generate the custom waveform. The big challenge in the MEMS resonator design is that a non-sinusoidal (quasi-trapezoidal) waveform needs to be generated even though the resonator oscillates sinusoidally. Our solution is to customize the shape of the sensing comb fingers of the resonator, with the result that the sensing capacitance varies quasi-trapezoidally. The effective quality factor and the area-efficiency of the microstructure have been optimized so as to minimize the whole system’s power dissipation and cost at a given frequency. A resonator design with a 100 kHz resonant frequency based on a standard TSMC 0.35μm CMOS process has been fabricated. The resonator has an area of 300 μm by 160 μm with a thickness of 30 μm. Three-dimensional field simulation shows that the resonator generates a quasi-trapezoidal waveform when it operates at its resonance. An on-chip buffer is also designed for monitoring the waveform generated by the MEMS resonator. The post-CMOS fabrication process is compatible with standard CMOS processes. Thus the custom clock generator can be integrated with logic circuits on the same CMOS chip. The size of the MEMS resonator can be further reduced by design optimization and advances in micro/nano-fabrication technology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 February 2005
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5649, Smart Structures, Devices, and Systems II, (28 February 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.582184
Show Author Affiliations
Maojiao He, Univ. of Florida (United States)
Michael P. Frank, Univ. of Florida (United States)
Huikai Xie, Univ. of Florida (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5649:
Smart Structures, Devices, and Systems II
Said F. Al-Sarawi, Editor(s)

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