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Proceedings Paper

Magneto-mechanical bone growth stimulation by actuation of highly porous ferromagnetic fiber arrays
Author(s): Athina E. Markaki; Trevor William Clyne
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Paper Abstract

This work relates to porous material made by bonding together fibres of a magnetic material. When subjected to a magnetic field, the array deforms, with individual fibres becoming magnetised along their length and then tending to line up locally with the direction of the field. An investigation is presented into the concept that this deformation could induce beneficial strains in bone tissue network in the early stages of growth as it grows into the porous fibre array. An analytical model has been developed, based on the deflection of individual fibre segments (between joints) experiencing bending moments as a result of the induced magnetic dipole. The model has been validated via measurements made on simple fibre assemblies and random fibre arrays. Work has also been done on the deformation characteristics of random fibre arrays with a matrix filling the inter-fibre space. This has the effect of reducing the fibre deflections. The extent of this reduction, and an estimate of the maximum strains induced in the space-filling material, can be obtained using a simple force balance approach. Predictions indicate that in-growing bone tissue, with a stiffness of around 0.01-0.1 GPa, could be strained to beneficial levels (~1 millistrain), using magnetic field strengths in current diagnostic use (~1 Tesla), provided the fibre segment aspect ratio is at least about 10. Such material has a low Young’s modulus, but the overall stiffness of a prosthesis could be matched to that of cortical bone by using an integrated design involving a porous magneto-active layer bonded to a dense non-magnetic core.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 February 2005
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 5651, Biomedical Applications of Micro- and Nanoengineering II, (16 February 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.581838
Show Author Affiliations
Athina E. Markaki, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Trevor William Clyne, Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5651:
Biomedical Applications of Micro- and Nanoengineering II
Dan V. Nicolau, Editor(s)

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