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Proceedings Paper

Preliminary study of internal wave effects to chlorophyll distribution in the Lombok Strait and adjacent areas
Author(s): Yessy Arvelyna; Masaki Oshima
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Paper Abstract

This paper studies the effect of internal wave in the Lombok Strait to chlorophyll distribution in the surrounded areas using ERS SAR, ASTER, SeaWiFS and AVHRR-NOAA images data during 1996-2004 periods. The observation results shows that the internal waves were propagated to the south and the north of strait and mostly occurred during transitional season from dry to wet and wet season (rainy season) between September to December when the layers are strongly stratified. Wavelet transform of image using Meyer wavelet analysis is applied for internal wave detection in ERS SAR and ASTER images, for symmetric extension of data at the image boundaries, to prevent discontinuities by a periodic wrapping of data in fast algorithm and space-saving code. Internal wave created elongated pattern in detail and approximation of image from level 2 to 5 and retained value between 2-4.59 times compared to sea surface, provided accuracy in classification over than 80%. In segmentation process, the Canny edge detector is applied on the approximation image at level two to derive internal wave signature in image. The proposed method can extract the internal wave signature, maintain the continuity of crest line while reduce small strikes from noise. The segmentation result, i.e. the length between crest and trough, is used to compute the internal wave induced current using Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation. On ERS SAR data contains surface signature of internal wave (2001/8/20), we calculated that internal wave propagation speed was 1.2 m/s and internal wave induced current was 0.56 m/s, respectively. From the observation of ERS SAR and SeaWiFS images data, we found out that the distribution of maximum chlorophyll area at southern coastline off Bali Island when strong internal wave induced current occurred in south of the Lombok Strait was distributed further to westward, i.e. from 9.25°-10.25°LS, 115°-116.25°SE to 8.8°-10.7°LS, 114.5°-116°SE, and surface chlorophyll concentration near coastal area, i.e. area 8.8°-9.25° LS, 114.5°-115°SE, increased. The preliminary result of this study concludes that the internal waves presumably affect chlorophyll distribution to westward (from 9.25°-10.25°LS, 115°-116.25°SE to 8.8°-10.7°LS, 114.5°-116°SE) in the south coast off Bali Island and increase surface chlorophyll concentration near coastal area (8.8°-9.25° LS, 114.5°-115°SE).

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 January 2005
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5656, Active and Passive Remote Sensing of the Oceans, (20 January 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.580726
Show Author Affiliations
Yessy Arvelyna, Tokyo Univ. of Marine Science and Technology (Japan)
Masaki Oshima, Tokyo Univ. of Marine Science and Technology (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5656:
Active and Passive Remote Sensing of the Oceans
Robert J. Frouin; Hiroshi Kawamura; Delu Pan, Editor(s)

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