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Proceedings Paper

Microsensor coils for miniature fiber optic gyroscopes
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Paper Abstract

Depolarized Interferometric Fiber Optic Gyroscopes (D-IFOGs) that are constructed with inexpensive single mode (SM) fiber have provided an opportunity for developers to meet Army emerging missions goals for affordable, small volume, reliable inertial guidance systems for use in small missiles, munitions, and future micro-unmanned autonomous vehicles. However, there remain several vital issues associated with substantially reducing the diameter of the sensor coil. Optical fiber that is precision-wound onto a micro coil experiences increased stress due to small radius bending, fiber distortions at crossover sites, and increased interlayer pressures as a result of multiple layers of fiber wound under tension. Tension and small radius bending stresses can have a detrimental effect on the performance of D-IFOGs. Therefore, other scenarios for the application of SM fiber to a micro-sensor coil must be considered. One scheme involves taking advantage of the bending-induced birefringence and employing the low cost SM fiber as a polarization-maintaining (PM) fiber. The mechanics of how a substantial reduction in the coil radius produces PM fiber properties in SM fiber is investigated under this research effort. Conventional and specialty SM fibers are characterized to identify optimal fibers for the development of micro-sensor coils. The results from extinction ratio measurements on the SM fibers and micro-sensor coils are presented in this paper. The significant cross coupling suggests that scattering centers are present in very small radius bending. Also, measurements show that optical loss is significant in micro IFOG coils.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 October 2004
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5560, Photorefractive Fiber and Crystal Devices: Materials, Optical Properties, and Applications X, (22 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.577653
Show Author Affiliations
Paul B. Ruffin, U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command (United States)
Janet S. Baeder, Morgan Research Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5560:
Photorefractive Fiber and Crystal Devices: Materials, Optical Properties, and Applications X
Francis T. S. Yu; Ruyan Guo; Shizhuo Yin, Editor(s)

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