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Proceedings Paper

On design of a novel dispersionless comb gain equalizer for fiber optical parametric amplifier
Author(s): Hui Cao; Junqiang Sun; Guojie Chen; Weicheng Chen; Dexiu Huang
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Paper Abstract

A novel superstructure fiber Bragg grating (SFBG) based comb gain equalizer for fiber optical parametric amplifier (OPA) is proposed. This gain equalizer is characterized by its comb reflectivity spectrum. It can have two functions at least, one is flattening the gain in multi ITU-T regulated channels, the other is it can be used as multi-channel isolation filters taking full advantage of its comb reflectivity spectrum. In addition it can be dispersionless or have dispersion compensation function. A one-bump fiber OPA, 30dB bandwidth >15nm, is designed with one of its peak gains (41dB) located at the center of work wavelengths in a 16-channel 100GHz spaced WDM optical transmission system according to corresponding Chinese criterion (1548.51nm~ 1560.61nm). The object reflectivity spectra of gain equalizer are calculated in two parts independently. Inner channel part for every channel is designed according to the gain spectrum of fiber OPA. As a comb filter, its inter-channel part reflectivities are the smaller the better. But inter-channel part reflectivities can not be simply zeroed, for which would result in the rising and descending edges of reflectivity spectrum being too sharp to be performed by any filter. To split the difference, inter-channel part reflectivities are calculated with Gaussian hypergeometric function (-0.5dB bandwidth 0.1nm, -45dB bandwidth 0.3nm) to obtain slower rising and descending edges than the simply zeroed case, which is very necessary and important to be sure the object reflectivity spectrum not only has sharp enough edges to take the shape of comb but also is physically realizable. Adopting channel-by-channel windowing method to apodize the object reflectivity spectrum, a superstructure fiber Bragg grating is designed with lay-peeling inverse scattering technique. At last, according to the coupling coefficient calculated, reflection spectrum and group time delay are analyzed based on the method of transformation matrix. Calculation results show that this SFBG satisfies all requirements. Further calculation results show that, using this SFBG as comb gain equalizer, the gain of fiber OPA is flattened in every channel to within ±0.4dB among 16 channels, with channel isolation high up to -35dB. It needs to point out that this method can also be used to design gain equalizer for other optical amplifiers.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 January 2005
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 5623, Passive Components and Fiber-based Devices, (10 January 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.574049
Show Author Affiliations
Hui Cao, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Foshan Univ. (China)
Junqiang Sun, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Guojie Chen, Foshan Univ. (China)
Weicheng Chen, Foshan Univ. (China)
Dexiu Huang, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5623:
Passive Components and Fiber-based Devices
Yan Sun; Shuisheng Jian; Sang Bae Lee; Katsunari Okamoto, Editor(s)

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