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Proceedings Paper

Far-infrared spectra, conformational stability, and barriers to internal rotation of some substituted 3-chloropropenes
Author(s): T. G. Costner; T. S. Little; Douglas T. Durig; James R. Durig
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Paper Abstract

The far-infrared spectrum (375 to 30 cm-1) of gaseous 2,3-dichloropropene has been recorded at a resolution of 0.06 cm-1. The fundamental asymmetric torsional mode is observed at 91.9 cm-1 with eight excited states falling to low frequency for the s-cis (chlorine atom eclipsing the double bond) conformer. Utilizing the s-cis torsional frequency, the gauche dihedral angle and the enthalpy difference between conformers, the potential function governing the interconversion of the rotamers has been calculated. The determined potential function coefficients are (in cm-1): V1 equals 1047 +/- 96, V2 equals -619 +/- 68, V3 equals 1216 +/- 50, and V4 equals 26 +/- 22, with an enthalpy difference between the more stable s-cis and gauche conformers of 245 +/- 30 cm-1 (0.70 +/- 0.09 kcal/mol). Similarly, the fundamental asymmetric torsion for the more stable gauche conformer of trans- 1,3-dichloropropene has been observed in the far infrared spectrum of the gas at 84.0 cm-1. The corresponding mode for the s-cis conformer gives rise to a series of well defined C-type Q branches beginning at 129.8 cm-1. From these data the potential function governing internal rotation of the asymmetric top has been determined and the potential coefficients are: V1 equals -558 +/- 7, V2 equals -38 +/- 10, V3 equals 637 +/- 9, V4 equals 174 +/- 7, V6 equals -16 +/- 4 cm-1. From studies of the Raman and infrared spectra of the gas at variable temperatures, the conformational enthalpy difference has been determined to be 342 +/- 36 cm-1 (978 +/- 103 cal/mol). All of these data are compared to the corresponding quantities obtained from ab initio Hartree-Fock gradient calculations employing either the 3-21G* or 6-31G* basis sets.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 1992
PDF: 2 pages
Proc. SPIE 1575, 8th Intl Conf on Fourier Transform Spectroscopy, (1 March 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.56376
Show Author Affiliations
T. G. Costner, Univ. of South Carolina (United States)
T. S. Little, Univ. of South Carolina (United States)
Douglas T. Durig, Univ. of the South (United States)
James R. Durig, Univ. of South Carolina (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1575:
8th Intl Conf on Fourier Transform Spectroscopy
Herbert Michael Heise; Ernst Heiner Korte; Heinz W. Siesler, Editor(s)

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