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Proceedings Paper

Precise optical dosimetry in low-level laser therapy of soft tissues in oral cavity
Author(s): Elena V. Stoykova; O. Sabotinov
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Paper Abstract

The new low level laser therapy (LLLT) is widely applied for treatment of diseases of the oral mucosa and parodont. Depending on indication, different optical tips and light-guides are used to create beams with a required shape. However, to the best of our knowledge, the developed irradiation geometries are usually proposed assuming validity of Bouger-Lambert law. This hardly corresponds to the real situation because of the dominating multiple scattering within 600-1200 nm range that destroys correlation between the emitted laser beam and the spatial distribution of the absorbed dose inside the tissue. The aim of this work is to base the dosimetry of the LLLT procedures of periodontal tissues on radiation transfer theory using a flexible Monte-Carlo code. We studied quantitatively the influence of tissue optical parameters (absorption and scattering coefficients, tissue refraction index, anisotropy factor) on decreasing of correlation between the emitted beam and the energy deposition for converging or diverging beams. We evaluated energy deposition for the developed by us LLLT system in a 3-D model of periodontal tissues created using a cross-sectional image of this region with internal structural information on the gingival and the tooth. The laser source is a CW diode laser emitting elliptical beam within 650-675 nm at output power 5-30 mW. To determine the geometry of the irradiating beam we used CCD camera Spiricon LBA 300.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 June 2004
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5449, Eighth International Conference on Laser and Laser Information Technologies, (21 June 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.563280
Show Author Affiliations
Elena V. Stoykova, Central Lab. of Optical Storage and Processing of Information (Bulgaria)
O. Sabotinov, Central Lab. of Optical Storage and Processing of Information (Bulgaria)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5449:
Eighth International Conference on Laser and Laser Information Technologies
Vladislav Ya. Panchenko; Nikola V. Sabotinov, Editor(s)

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